Regulations concerning Full Container Load (FCL) shipments

FCL incoterm
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The term “FCL” stands for “Full Container Load” in the context of international shipping, and it is one of the options under the Incoterms (International Commercial Terms) published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). However, it’s important to clarify that FCL itself is not an Incoterm but rather a type of shipping mode. Incoterms are predefined international commercial terms used in international trade contracts to communicate the tasks, costs, and risks associated with transporting and delivering goods.

FCL refers to a scenario where a shipper rents an entire container to transport goods. This can be more cost-effective for large shipments that can fill an entire container because the cost of the container is fixed, regardless of its content. The shipper has control over the container and does not need to share space with goods from other shippers, which can be beneficial for logistical efficiency and security.

In contrast, LCL (Less than Container Load) refers to shipments that do not fill an entire container and are consolidated with other shippers’ goods.

When dealing with FCL shipments, the specific Incoterms that might be used to define the responsibilities of buyers and sellers include, but are not limited to:

  • EXW (Ex Works): The seller makes the goods available at their premises, and the buyer is responsible for all other charges.
  • FOB (Free On Board): The seller is responsible for getting the goods to the port of shipment and onto the vessel. Responsibility and risk pass to the buyer once the goods are on board.
  • CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight): The seller pays for the cost, insurance, and freight of the goods to the port of destination. Risk passes to the buyer once the goods are loaded onto the shipping vessel.
  • DAP (Delivered At Place): The seller delivers the goods, ready for unloading at the named place of destination.

Each Incoterm specifies the allocation of costs and risks between the buyer and seller. When choosing an Incoterm for an FCL shipment, parties should consider cost, control over the shipping process, and risk tolerance.

cargo-containers-in-shipping-dock

Regulations concerning Full Container Load (FCL) shipments

In the United States, regulations concerning Full Container Load (FCL) shipments are influenced by various federal agencies, each with its own set of rules and guidelines designed to manage the safety, security, and efficiency of international trade and transportation. While there isn’t a single, consolidated set of regulations specifically for FCL shipments, several key regulations and requirements from different agencies apply.

Here are some of the specific regulations and considerations:

1. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

  •  Importer Security Filing (ISF): Importers are required to submit an Importer Security Filing, commonly known as “10+2,” to the CBP 24 hours before the cargo is loaded onto a vessel bound for the U.S. This filing includes details about the importer, seller, buyer, ship to party, container stuffing location, consolidator, manufacturer, country of origin, and commodity Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) number.
  • Entry Summary (Customs Clearance): All goods entering the U.S. must clear customs. This process involves the submission of necessary documentation, such as a bill of lading, commercial invoice, packing list, and any other required documents for specific types of cargo.

 

2. Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)

Ocean Transportation Intermediaries (OTI):** Companies that operate as ocean freight forwarders or non-vessel-operating common carriers (NVOCCs) must be licensed and bonded with the FMC. They are responsible for adhering to FMC regulations regarding contract filing and tariff publication.

3. Department of Transportation (DOT)

Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR): For shipments containing hazardous materials, shippers must comply with the HMR as enforced by the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) within the DOT. This includes proper classification, packaging, marking, labeling, and documentation.

4. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Import Restrictions on Certain Chemicals and Materials: The EPA regulates the import of certain chemicals, substances, and waste materials. Importers must comply with EPA requirements, including notifications, consent from the EPA for certain substances, and adherence to specific environmental standards.

5. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Agricultural Commodities: The USDA imposes regulations on the import of plant and animal products to prevent the introduction of pests and diseases. This may include inspection and quarantine requirements.

6. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics: Imports regulated by the FDA must comply with agency standards related to safety, labeling, and packaging. Prior notice of imported foods is required to be submitted to the FDA.

7. Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)

Voluntary Program: While not a regulation, C-TPAT is a voluntary supply chain security program led by CBP. Participants may receive benefits such as reduced examination rates and expedited processing. Companies involved in FCL shipments are encouraged to participate to enhance cargo security.

Compliance with these regulations is crucial for avoiding delays, penalties, and potential legal issues. Shippers, importers, and logistics providers need to stay informed about current regulations and changes in the legal landscape affecting FCL shipments in the U.S.

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eezyimport is an online platform and is not a licensed customs broker. However, we work closely with a third-party licensed customs broker who can assist with any entry-related issues.

eezyimport is an online platform and is not a licensed customs broker. However, we work closely with a third-party licensed customs broker who can assist with any entry-related issues.

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